Human and social capital for cricket market access In Indonesia
In the case of the individual farmers and farmers organizations in Indonesia featured in this article, human and social capital has been an enabling factor in determining market access. This article explains the factors affecting this access, as well as the different market channels through which farmers sell their crickets, and their market prices.
Cricket Market Channel in Indonesia
Crickets were sold through different channels in each of the provinces. Firstly, direct sales within the village were typical. Some farmers were harvest the crickets in the village, bring and selling them with their motorbikes. Other farmers harvesting the crickets and sold them to someone else to sold them at local fresh markets. In other cases, farmers have devised a unique system of transporting live crickets to market. Bags made of sack, were loaded onto a truck and driven to market. End user could purchase their desired weight of live crickets to prepare at home. Many customers were said to prefer live crickets as a means of ensuring that they had not been sprayed with pesticides.
|Traditional Market for Cricket In Indonesia|
|adult Gryllus Bimaculatus|
Other farmers established relationships with buyers and traders. In this case, the farmer contacted the buyer to notify them that they would soon harvest the crickets and report an approximate yield. Than the trader went harvest in the farmer house.
New farmers and no regular buyers often rely on other farmers inside their village to help them sell their products. Traders usually offer to harvest new cicada farmers who cannot find their own market or physically harvest their own crickets but crickets will be bought at very cheap prices.
Prices of crickets in the market
The price of crickets on the market depends on demand and supply. If demand increases then prices will increase. However, if demand decreases and cricket stock increases then the selling price will also decrease.
Farmers usually sell crickets to traders at Rp. 45.000 / Kg. (appr. USD $4/kgs)
Access to the urban market In Indonesia
Access to the urban market was a greater possibility in java region and due to better infrastructure, as well as the farms being closer to the cities. Crickets from East and central java provinces were sold in local fresh markets and to wholesalers who handled further distribution throughout the region, as well as to other island of Indonesia.
Average prices varied substantially among the provinces . Far west region in indonesia and far east region in Indonesia experienced the highest prices for both species. Seasonal price fluctuation was common in East java, central java and west java but prices were more stable in Borneo Island and their region. In general, Gryllus bimaculatus (well known with local name Jangkrik Kalung) received a higher price than Acheta domesticus (well known with local name Jangkrik Seliring), although the opposite was the case in few region in indonesia, where relatively few cricket farmers farm.